Categories Stonehenge

Readers ask: Why was stonehenge created?

Who built the Stonehenge and why?

In the 17th century, archaeologist John Aubrey made the claim that Stonehenge was the work of the Celtic high priests known as the Druids , a theory widely popularized by the antiquarian William Stukeley , who had unearthed primitive graves at the site.

What is the story behind Stonehenge?

Built in several stages, Stonehenge began about 5,000 years ago as a simple earthwork enclosure where prehistoric people buried their cremated dead. The stone circle was erected in the centre of the monument in the late Neolithic period, around 2500 BC.

How was Stonehenge created?

The first monument at Stonehenge was a circular earthwork enclosure, built in about 3000 BC. A ditch was dug with simple antler tools, and the chalk piled up to make an inner and an outer bank. Enormous sarsen stones and smaller bluestones were raised to form a unique monument.

Why did Merlin build Stonehenge?

1155), Merlin the magician moved Stonehenge from Ireland to England to serve as a memorial for the hundreds of Britons treacherously slain by the Saxons during a truce meeting on Salisbury Plain. Surely the stones of Ireland aren’t so much better than those of Britain that our realm has to be invaded for their sake!

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Why is Stonehenge special?

A World Heritage Site Stonehenge is the most architecturally sophisticated prehistoric stone circle in the world, while Avebury is the largest in the world. Together with inter-related monuments and their associated landscapes, they help us to understand Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and mortuary practices.

Is Stonehenge a wonder of the world?

Stonehenge is one of the best known ancient wonders of the world . The 5,000 year old henge monument became a World Heritage Site in 1986. Despite numerous theories, no-one knows for certain the reason why Stonehenge was built. The stones that form the inner ring came from the Preseli Mountains in Wales.

Why did Stonehenge fall down?

Stonehenge has been repaired An entire trilithon fell down in 1797, and in 1900 one of the upright sarsens of the outer circle fell down , along with its lintel. This prompted a new survey of the stones, and the straightening of Stone 56 in 1901, which was deemed to lean a dangerous angle.

Who owns Stonehenge?

Stonehenge

History
Ownership The Crown
Management English Heritage
Website www.english-heritage.org.uk/stonehenge
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Did slaves build Stonehenge?

Recently, archaeologists discovered evidence that people who lived in these houses feasted on meat and dairy products. The rich diet of the people who may have built Stonehenge provides evidence that they were not slaves or coerced, said a team of archaeologists in an article published in 2015 in the journal Antiquity.

How did ancients lift heavy stones?

The ancient Egyptians who built the pyramids may have been able to move massive stone blocks across the desert by wetting the sand in front of a contraption built to pull the heavy objects, according to a new study.

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Why was Stonehenge built?

In the 17th and 18th centuries, many believed Stonehenge was a Druid temple, built by those ancient Celtic pagans as a center for their religious worship. The presence of these remains suggests that Stonehenge could have served as an ancient burial ground as well as a ceremonial complex and temple of the dead.

What era is Stonehenge from?

Stonehenge is perhaps the world’s most famous prehistoric monument. It was built in several stages: the first monument was an early henge monument, built about 5,000 years ago, and the unique stone circle was erected in the late Neolithic period about 2500 BC.

Can I touch Stonehenge?

The nearest you will get to the stones is about 10 yards, the monument being roped off by a low barrier, (see picture below). However it is possible to walk up to and among the stones at Stonehenge outside public opening hours. These are called Special Access visits.

Was Stonehenge built by Celts?

No, neither the druids nor the Celts built Stonehenge . Stonehenge was built long before the Celts arrived in Britain. [According to Geoffrey of Monmouth, a twelfth-century author, Stonehenge was built by giants.]

Is Stonehenge in Ireland?

Newgrange is a Stone Age (Neolithic) monument in the Boyne Valley, County Meath, it is the jewel in the crown of Ireland’s Ancient East. Newgrange was constructed about 5,200 years ago (3,200 B.C.) which makes it older than Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids of Giza.

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