- 1 Who built the Stonehenge and why?
- 2 How did they build Stonehenge?
- 3 What is the mystery of Stonehenge?
- 4 Why is Stonehenge special?
- 5 Can you touch Stonehenge?
- 6 Was Stonehenge moved in 1958?
- 7 Why is Stonehenge not a henge?
- 8 Why was Stonehenge made?
- 9 Is Stonehenge one of the 7 Wonders of the World?
- 10 What was Stonehenge most likely used for?
- 11 Why is it surprising that some of the stones from Stonehenge Travelled 200 miles?
Who built the Stonehenge and why?
In the 17th century, archaeologist John Aubrey made the claim that Stonehenge was the work of the Celtic high priests known as the Druids , a theory widely popularized by the antiquarian William Stukeley , who had unearthed primitive graves at the site.
How did they build Stonehenge?
The first monument at Stonehenge was a circular earthwork enclosure, built in about 3000 BC. A ditch was dug with simple antler tools, and the chalk piled up to make an inner and an outer bank. Enormous sarsen stones and smaller bluestones were raised to form a unique monument.
What is the mystery of Stonehenge?
The origin of the giant sarsen stones at Stonehenge has finally been discovered with the help of a missing piece of the site which was returned after 60 years. A test of the metre-long core was matched with a geochemical study of the standing megaliths.
Why is Stonehenge special?
A World Heritage Site Stonehenge is the most architecturally sophisticated prehistoric stone circle in the world, while Avebury is the largest in the world. Together with inter-related monuments and their associated landscapes, they help us to understand Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and mortuary practices.
Can you touch Stonehenge?
The nearest you will get to the stones is about 10 yards, the monument being roped off by a low barrier, (see picture below). However it is possible to walk up to and among the stones at Stonehenge outside public opening hours. These are called Special Access visits.
Was Stonehenge moved in 1958?
Stonehenge was bought at an auction in 1915 A series of major restorations and excavations took place from 1919 to 1929, and another major programme between 1958 – 1964. There has been extensive work over recent years so that now Stonehenge sits within a restored landscape, which gives a sense of its original setting.
Why is Stonehenge not a henge?
Etymology. The word henge is a backformation from Stonehenge , the famous monument in Wiltshire. Stonehenge is not a true henge , as its ditch runs outside its bank, although there is a small extant external bank as well.
Why was Stonehenge made?
In the 17th and 18th centuries, many believed Stonehenge was a Druid temple, built by those ancient Celtic pagans as a center for their religious worship. The presence of these remains suggests that Stonehenge could have served as an ancient burial ground as well as a ceremonial complex and temple of the dead.
Is Stonehenge one of the 7 Wonders of the World?
Stonehenge is one of the best known ancient wonders of the world . The 5,000 year old henge monument became a World Heritage Site in 1986. Despite numerous theories, no- one knows for certain the reason why Stonehenge was built. The stones that form the inner ring came from the Preseli Mountains in Wales.
What was Stonehenge most likely used for?
Stonehenge was built as a burial site One theory suggests that Stonehenge was used as a Late Neolithic burial site and a monument to the dead – or at least it was for 500 years during the first two phases of its construction from ~3,000 BC until the monuments were erected in ~2,500 BC.
Why is it surprising that some of the stones from Stonehenge Travelled 200 miles?
The L&P team believes the bluestones came from a mysterious soundscape, imbued with special magic and sanctity in the eyes of the megalith builders. This may have been the prime reason behind the otherwise inexplicable transport of these stones nearly 200 miles from Preseli to Salisbury Plain.