- 1 What Plain is Stonehenge on?
- 2 Who built the Stonehenge and why?
- 3 Is the Stonehenge natural?
- 4 What kind of structure is the Stonehenge?
- 5 How did they lift the stones at Stonehenge?
- 6 Why is Stonehenge special?
- 7 Can you just walk up to Stonehenge?
- 8 Why was Stonehenge made?
- 9 Did slaves build Stonehenge?
- 10 Is Stonehenge one of the 7 Wonders of the World?
- 11 Why is Stonehenge not a henge?
- 12 How many stones at Stonehenge are still standing?
- 13 Is Stonehenge a perfect circle?
- 14 What happened to the missing stones at Stonehenge?
- 15 Do you have to pay to see Stonehenge?
What Plain is Stonehenge on?
Stonehenge, prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain , about 8 miles (13 km ) north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.
Who built the Stonehenge and why?
In the 17th century, archaeologist John Aubrey made the claim that Stonehenge was the work of the Celtic high priests known as the Druids , a theory widely popularized by the antiquarian William Stukeley , who had unearthed primitive graves at the site.
Is the Stonehenge natural?
Found on England’s Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, Stonehenge is a huge man-made circle of standing stones. Built by our ancestors over many hundreds of years, it’s one of the world’s most famous prehistoric monuments… And one of it’s biggest mysteries, too!
What kind of structure is the Stonehenge?
What type of stone structure is Stonehenge? The most famous megalithic shrine, Stonehenge in England, was begun much later, commencing around 3000 BCE. Its circular outer ring is composed of standing megaliths in post-and-lintel form.
How did they lift the stones at Stonehenge?
To erect a stone , people dug a large hole with a sloping side. The back of the hole was lined with a row of wooden stakes. The stone was then moved into position and hauled upright using plant fibre ropes and probably a wooden A-frame. Weights may have been used to help tip the stone upright.
Why is Stonehenge special?
A World Heritage Site Stonehenge is the most architecturally sophisticated prehistoric stone circle in the world, while Avebury is the largest in the world. Together with inter-related monuments and their associated landscapes, they help us to understand Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and mortuary practices.
Can you just walk up to Stonehenge?
During normal opening hours you cannot walk up to the stones themselves. The nearest you will get to the stones is about 10 yards, the monument being roped off by a low barrier, (see picture below). However it is possible to walk up to and among the stones at Stonehenge outside public opening hours.
Why was Stonehenge made?
In the 17th and 18th centuries, many believed Stonehenge was a Druid temple, built by those ancient Celtic pagans as a center for their religious worship. The presence of these remains suggests that Stonehenge could have served as an ancient burial ground as well as a ceremonial complex and temple of the dead.
Did slaves build Stonehenge?
Recently, archaeologists discovered evidence that people who lived in these houses feasted on meat and dairy products. The rich diet of the people who may have built Stonehenge provides evidence that they were not slaves or coerced, said a team of archaeologists in an article published in 2015 in the journal Antiquity.
Is Stonehenge one of the 7 Wonders of the World?
Stonehenge is one of the best known ancient wonders of the world . The 5,000 year old henge monument became a World Heritage Site in 1986. Despite numerous theories, no- one knows for certain the reason why Stonehenge was built. The stones that form the inner ring came from the Preseli Mountains in Wales.
Why is Stonehenge not a henge?
Etymology. The word henge is a backformation from Stonehenge , the famous monument in Wiltshire. Stonehenge is not a true henge , as its ditch runs outside its bank, although there is a small extant external bank as well.
How many stones at Stonehenge are still standing?
Two of four ‘Station Stones ‘ remain in position, marking the corners of a rectangle. These may be related to the setting out of Stonehenge , or to the solstice alignment (see below). Immediately outside the north-east entrance is the Heel Stone , a huge unshaped sarsen boulder.
Is Stonehenge a perfect circle?
Marks left behind by ancient, parched grass show that the iconic monument was once a perfect circle . According to a report in the journal Antiquity, the patchmarks represent the position of the missing sarsen stones which once completed the Neolithic circle .
What happened to the missing stones at Stonehenge?
A missing piece of Stonehenge was recovered, after being lost for six decades. The cylindrical piece of sandstone was drilled out of one of the giant upright stones at Stonehenge during restoration work in 1958. A lost piece of one of Stonehenge’s iconic standing stones has finally been returned.
Do you have to pay to see Stonehenge?
It is free for people purchasing tickets to enter Stonehenge , there is a charge if you are not. Tour buses have their own separate coach park. To enter the Stonehenge Exhibition at the Visitor Centre you need a full ticket to Stonehenge , anyone can access the café, gift shop and toilets though, for free.