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What was machu picchu built for?

What was the purpose of the Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu was of multi- purpose: it was a royal retreat, a religious sanctuary, and a sacred place, all in one “city in the sky.” emperor Pachacuti and his royal court. Machu Picchu was built in the same style that Pachacuti had popularized as the marking of the Inca estate.

When and why was Machu Picchu built?

Machu Picchu is believed to have been built by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth ruler of the Inca, in the mid-1400s. An empire builder, Pachacuti initiated a series of conquests that would eventually see the Inca grow into a South American realm that stretched from Ecuador to Chile.

Why was Machu Picchu built so high up?

Fortress. The inaccessibility of Machu Picchu makes for a natural hide out to protect the Sapa Inca and his family from invaders. To protect the city the Incas built a 6 meter tall by 1.8 meter wide wall that surrounded the city.

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Why was Machu Picchu built in its chosen location?

Its strategic location was chosen with admirable success. Surrounded by steep cliffs and away from the sight of strangers in a tangled forest, the citadel of Machu Picchu had the quality of having only one narrow entrance so that only a few warriors were needed for defense in the event of a surprise attack.

Why did Incas leave Machu Picchu?

Generally, all historians agree when said that Machu Picchu was used as housing for the Inca aristocracy after the Spanish conquest of in 1532. After Tupac Amaru, the last rebel Inca, was captured, Machu Picchu was abandoned as there was no reason to stay there.

What does Machu Picchu symbolize?

A symbol of the Incan Empire and built around 1450AD, Machu Picchu was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. 10. In the Quechua Indian language, “ Machu Picchu ” means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain.”

How were the stones of Machu Picchu cut?

The Inca built their cities with locally available materials, usually including limestone or granite. To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps.

Why did the Spanish conquistadors not destroy Machu Picchu?

The Spanish did not destroy Machu Picchu because they did not know it was there. It was built high in the Andes Mountains and could not be seen from

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How did Machu Picchu get water?

The Inca built the water supply canal on a relatively steady grade, depending on gravity flow to carry the water from the spring to the city center. The Inca supply canal flowed gently into Machu Picchu at an engineered grade on a carefully built terraced right-of-way.

How did Incas build Machu Picchu?

Structures at Machu Picchu were built with a technique called &ldquo ashlar.” Stones are cut to fit together without mortar. Remarkably, not even a piece of paper can fit in between two stones. The citadel has two parts: Hanan and Urin according with the Inca tradition.

Who found Machu Picchu?

With the boy leading the way, Hiram Bingham stumbled upon one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century—and what was named in 2007 as one of the new seven wonders of the world: Machu Picchu.

Is Machu Picchu a spiritual place?

The citadel of Machu Picchu, meaning “old peak” in the native Quechua language, is named for the mountain on which it sits. Regardless, the presence of numerous temples and ritual structures proves that Machu Picchu held spiritual significance for the Inca. To the Inca, the world and its environment were sacred.

What is the story of Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu means “Old Mountain” in the native language of Peru, and was built as a fortress city for the aristocracy of Cuzco, the capital of the Inca empire. Machu Picchu was abandoned soon after the fall of the Inca Empire, due to the Spanish invasion, and remained intact until its discovery in 1911.

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In what country can Machu Picchu be found?

How many years do they estimate it took to build Machu Picchu?

Built during the reign of Inca Pachacutec (1438 – 1471), Machu Picchu took some 30 years to construct.

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