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Question: Machu picchu background?

What is the story of Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu means “Old Mountain” in the native language of Peru, and was built as a fortress city for the aristocracy of Cuzco, the capital of the Inca empire. Machu Picchu was abandoned soon after the fall of the Inca Empire, due to the Spanish invasion, and remained intact until its discovery in 1911.

Why is Machu Picchu so special?

More than 7,000 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu is the most visited tourist destination in Peru. A symbol of the Incan Empire and built around 1450AD, Machu Picchu was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.

Why was the Machu Picchu built?

Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows.

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Was Machu Picchu built by slaves?

That’s a tricky question since slavery is a concept introduced into the Americas with the arrival of the Europeans. Inca’s empire had a social structure a lot different than European empires. So, it makes sense that Machu Picchu was build through forced labor, but it wasn’t slavery as we conceive it right now.

Why did Incas leave Machu Picchu?

Generally, all historians agree when said that Machu Picchu was used as housing for the Inca aristocracy after the Spanish conquest of in 1532. After Tupac Amaru, the last rebel Inca, was captured, Machu Picchu was abandoned as there was no reason to stay there.

How did Incas build Machu Picchu?

Structures at Machu Picchu were built with a technique called &ldquo ashlar.” Stones are cut to fit together without mortar. Remarkably, not even a piece of paper can fit in between two stones. The citadel has two parts: Hanan and Urin according with the Inca tradition.

What are three interesting facts about Machu Picchu?

12 cool facts about Machu Picchu in Peru Each stone was precisely cut to fit together so tightly that no mortar was needed to keep the walls standing. Machu Picchu sits at 2,430 metres above sea level. Machu Picchu is a Wonder of the World and a World Heritage-listed site.

What does Machu Picchu mean in English?

The Citadel of Machu Picchu is considered the main tourist attraction in Peru and one of the most visited worldwide. Machu Picchu is a Quechua word that comes from “ Machu ” that means old or ancient, and “ Picchu ” meaning mountain. Therefore, Machu Picchu translates as “Old Mountain.”

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How were the stones of Machu Picchu cut?

The Inca built their cities with locally available materials, usually including limestone or granite. To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps.

What happened to the Incas of Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu did not survive the collapse of the Inca. In 1572, with the fall of the last Incan capital, their line of rulers came to end. Machu Picchu, a royal estate once visited by great emperors, fell into ruin. Today, the site is on the United Nations’ list of World Heritage sites.

Why is Machu Picchu a wonder of the world?

Another reason that gives Machu Picchu the category of a Wonder of the World is that it remained for almost 500 years as a lost city. Many explorers believed that this city existed, as well as other legends like El Dorado or Atlantis. But in this case, Machu Picchu, the hidden city, was discovered to the world!

Who found Machu Picchu?

With the boy leading the way, Hiram Bingham stumbled upon one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century—and what was named in 2007 as one of the new seven wonders of the world: Machu Picchu.

Is Machu Picchu one of the seven wonders of the world?

On July 7, 2007, Machu Picchu was chosen as one of the New 7 Wonders of the Modern World; These were chosen by more than 100 million people around the world, through an open voting by Internet; The wonders were announced in random order by the New Open World Corporation (NOWC).

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Did the Incas have slaves?

The Incan economy has been described in contradictory ways by scholars; Darrell E. La Lone, in his work The Inca as a Nonmarket Economy, noted that the Inca economy has been described as “feudal, slave, [and] socialist.” The Inca Empire functioned largely without money and without markets.

What was Machu Picchu used for?

Many modern-day archaeologists now believe that Machu Picchu served as a royal estate for Inca emperors and nobles. Others have theorized that it was a religious site, pointing to its proximity to mountains and other geographical features that the Incas held sacred.

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