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Often asked: Machu picchu was built for quizlet?

What was Machu Picchu built for?

Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas”, it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.

Who built Machu Picchu and why quizlet?

the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its height. It is an ancient city high up in the Peruvian Andes. Who created Machu Picchu? The construction of Machu Picchu was likely started by order of the Inca emperor Pachacuti, earth shaker, sometime during the mid-15th century.

What is Machu Picchu famous for?

More than 7,000 feet above sea level in the Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu is the most visited tourist destination in Peru. A symbol of the Incan Empire and built around 1450AD, Machu Picchu was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 and was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.

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Why was Machu Picchu built so high up?

Fortress. The inaccessibility of Machu Picchu makes for a natural hide out to protect the Sapa Inca and his family from invaders. To protect the city the Incas built a 6 meter tall by 1.8 meter wide wall that surrounded the city.

When and why was Machu Picchu built?

Machu Picchu is believed to have been built by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth ruler of the Inca, in the mid-1400s. An empire builder, Pachacuti initiated a series of conquests that would eventually see the Inca grow into a South American realm that stretched from Ecuador to Chile.

Why did Incas leave Machu Picchu?

Generally, all historians agree when said that Machu Picchu was used as housing for the Inca aristocracy after the Spanish conquest of in 1532. After Tupac Amaru, the last rebel Inca, was captured, Machu Picchu was abandoned as there was no reason to stay there.

Why did the Spanish conquistadors not destroy Machu Picchu?

The Spanish did not destroy Machu Picchu because they did not know it was there. It was built high in the Andes Mountains and could not be seen from

Who discovered Machu Picchu?

When the explorer Hiram Bingham III encountered Machu Picchu in 1911, he was looking for a different city, known as Vilcabamba. This was a hidden capital to which the Inca had escaped after the Spanish conquistadors arrived in 1532. Over time it became famous as the legendary Lost City of the Inca.

How long was Machu Picchu occupied?

The dwellings at Machu Picchu were probably built and occupied from the mid-15th to the early or mid-16th century. Machu Picchu’s construction style and other evidence suggest that it was a palace complex of the ruler Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (reigned c. 1438–71).

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What does Machu Picchu mean in English?

The Citadel of Machu Picchu is considered the main tourist attraction in Peru and one of the most visited worldwide. Machu Picchu is a Quechua word that comes from “ Machu ” that means old or ancient, and “ Picchu ” meaning mountain. Therefore, Machu Picchu translates as “Old Mountain.”

How were the stones of Machu Picchu cut?

The Inca built their cities with locally available materials, usually including limestone or granite. To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps.

How did Incas build Machu Picchu?

Structures at Machu Picchu were built with a technique called &ldquo ashlar.” Stones are cut to fit together without mortar. Remarkably, not even a piece of paper can fit in between two stones. The citadel has two parts: Hanan and Urin according with the Inca tradition.

What does Machu Picchu mean in Quechua?

Machu Picchu is a Quechua word that comes from Machu that means old or ancient, and Picchu meaning mountain, therefore, Machu Picchu is translated as Old Mountain.

Why was Machu Picchu built in its chosen location?

Its strategic location was chosen with admirable success. Surrounded by steep cliffs and away from the sight of strangers in a tangled forest, the citadel of Machu Picchu had the quality of having only one narrow entrance so that only a few warriors were needed for defense in the event of a surprise attack.

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When was Machu Picchu made a wonder of the world?

On July 7, 2007, Machu Picchu was chosen as one of the New 7 Wonders of the Modern World; These were chosen by more than 100 million people around the world, through an open voting by Internet; The wonders were announced in random order by the New Open World Corporation (NOWC).

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