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FAQ: What rock type is predominant in the vicinity of machu picchu, peru?

What rock type is predominant in of machu picchu peru?

Mostly Granite ( igneous rock ) and at lesser extent Limestone ( sedimentary rock ). MACHU PICCHU – Machu Picchu is a city located high in the Andes Mountains in modern Peru.

Which plate is subducting beneath the Okinawa plate?

The eastern side of the Okinawa Plate forms a convergent boundary with the Philippine Sea Plate, forming the Ryukyu Trench and the island arc that forms the Ryukyu Islands. The Okinawa Plate is bounded on the western side by the Okinawa Trough, a back arc basin and divergent boundary with the Yangtze Plate.

Why did the Spanish conquistadors not destroy Machu Picchu?

The Spanish did not destroy Machu Picchu because they did not know it was there. It was built high in the Andes Mountains and could not be seen from

Why did Incas leave Machu Picchu?

Generally, all historians agree when said that Machu Picchu was used as housing for the Inca aristocracy after the Spanish conquest of in 1532. After Tupac Amaru, the last rebel Inca, was captured, Machu Picchu was abandoned as there was no reason to stay there.

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What type of earthquakes occur at subduction zones?

Megathrust earthquakes occur at subduction zones at destructive convergent plate boundaries, where one tectonic plate is forced underneath another, caused by slip along the thrust fault that forms the contact between them.

Which plate is subducting beneath the South American plate?

The Nazca Plate, which underlies most of the southeastern Pacific, is being subducted beneath most of the west coast of South America at a rapid rate of 80 to 100 millimetres per year.

What chain of islands is growing along the subduction zone between the Pacific Plate and the North American plate?

The very large Pacific Plate, which underlies most of the northern and western Pacific basin, moves north-northwest with respect to North America nearly parallel to the coast, and is subducted beneath southern Alaska and the Aleutians. The volcanic chain that forms the Aleutian Islands and continues into the…

Who destroyed Machu Picchu?

Even though Machu Picchu was located only about 80 kilometers (50 mi) from the Inca capital in Cusco, the Spanish never found it and so did not plunder or destroy it, as they did many other sites.

Do Incas still exist?

Cuzco was the center of the Incan empire. The Incas, an American Indian people, were originally a small tribe in the southern highlands of Peru. Roads, walls, and irrigation works constructed by the Incas are still in use today. Spanish conquerors captured the Inca emperor in 1532 and began to break up the empire.

Who rediscovered Machu Picchu?

With the boy leading the way, Hiram Bingham stumbled upon one of the greatest archaeological finds of the 20th century—and what was named in 2007 as one of the new seven wonders of the world: Machu Picchu.

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How were the stones of Machu Picchu cut?

The Inca built their cities with locally available materials, usually including limestone or granite. To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps.

What happened to the Incas at Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu did not survive the collapse of the Inca. In 1572, with the fall of the last Incan capital, their line of rulers came to end. Machu Picchu, a royal estate once visited by great emperors, fell into ruin. Today, the site is on the United Nations’ list of World Heritage sites.

How did Incas build Machu Picchu?

Structures at Machu Picchu were built with a technique called &ldquo ashlar.” Stones are cut to fit together without mortar. Remarkably, not even a piece of paper can fit in between two stones. The citadel has two parts: Hanan and Urin according with the Inca tradition.

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